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Short Guide to Citing the PDF® Databases and JADE® Computer Software

This short guide shows how to cite the Powder Diffraction File™ (PDF®) databases and JADE® Computer Software in the Powder Diffraction Journal according to the American Chemical Society (ACS) and International Union of Crystallography (IUCr) style guides.

Please Note:
• Modify the Reference List entry according to the database used (i.e. PDF-2 2020, PDF-4/Organics 2020, PDF-4/Minerals 2020 etc.).
• Check with your publisher when creating your references about the style they specifically use.

ICDD Products Icons
how to cite pdf-4 databases

PDJ Style

In Text: PDF XX-XXX-XXXX (Gates-Rector, S. D. and Blanton, T. N., 2019)

Reference List: Gates-Rector, S. D. and Blanton, T. N., (2019). “The Powder Diffraction File: A Quality Materials Characterization Database” Powder Diffr.,” 34, 352-60.


ACS Style

In Text:  By Citation Number i.e. PDF XX-XXX-XXXX  (1)

Reference List: By Citation Number i.e. (1) Gates-Rector, S.; Blanton, T. The Powder Diffraction File: A Quality Materials Characterization Database. Powder Diffr. 2019, 34 (4), 352–360. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0885715619000812.


IUCr Style

In Text: PDF  XX-XXX-XXXX (Gates-Rector & Blanton, 2019)

Reference List: Gates-Rector, S. & Blanton, T. (2019). Powder Diffr. 34, 352–360.

Materials Data JADE
how to cite jade software

PDJ Style

In Text: MDI JADE XXXX (MDI, Year)
Example:  MDI JADE Pro (MDI, 2019)

Reference List: MDI (Year). JADE software version (Computer software), Materials Data, Livermore, CA, USA.

Example(1): MDI (2019). JADE Pro (Computer software), Materials Data, Livermore, CA, USA.
Example(2): MDI (2019). JADE 6 (Computer software), Materials Data, Livermore, CA, USA.


ACS Style

Reference List: Product Name/Software version; Materials Data: Livermore, CA, Year.

Example(1): JADE 9.5; Materials Data: Livermore, CA, 2019.
Example(2): JADE Standard; Materials Data: Livermore, CA, 2019.


IUCr Style

Reference List: MDI (Year). JADE software version. Materials Data, Livermore, CA, USA.

Example: MDI (2019). JADE Pro. Materials Data, Livermore, CA, USA.